Buying your first car is a major moment. Whether you’ve saved up for it, taken out a loan to finance it, or the bank of mum and dad are stepping in, it’s something you’ll never forget.
To help you make the right choice we’ve put together this first car buying guide. You don’t want to waste your money on a lemon, so follow the points below to make sure you get the drive of your dreams.
Setting your budget
It always makes sense to set a hard budget and stick to it. The temptation can be to have a price in mind and then keep letting little ‘nice to haves’ bump you up and up.
One of two things will happen then. Either you’ll buy a car beyond your budget and have to stretch to afford it, or you’ll be eternally disappointed with the car you end up buying because it’s not as good as the one you fell in love with.
But don’t just budget for the cost of the purchase. Consider all the running costs that you can’t avoid. These include:
- Car insurance - Which will be expensive for new drivers, especially the under-25s.
- Road tax – Unless you’re getting a car in Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) band A, an electric vehicle, or one built prior to 1973, you will have to pay road tax.
- MOT test – After a car is older than three years it must undergo an annual MOT test to ensure its roadworthiness, and any maintenance needed to make it fit for driving has to be carried out.
- Tyres – These will need replacing, because driving with tyres that have insufficient tread is illegal and can result in a fine and points on your licence.
- Fuel - Obviously you’ll need fuel if you want to drive anywhere.
Choosing your perfect first car
So you’ve budgeted appropriately, and know what you can afford to spend on the car as well as the running and maintenance costs. Now it’s time to find the vehicle itself.
You’ve probably got ideas on what brands, models and features you want, so this will help you narrow the search down a bit. Here are some things to keep in mind.
Finding your first car
These days, finding a car is the easiest part. If you’re going for a new vehicle you’ll be able to find your local dealers with ease online, and the same goes for used car dealers too.
If you want to buy a second-hand vehicle through a private seller then the internet is just as helpful. AutoTrader have an online search system with hundreds of thousands of cars listed, then of course there are places like GumTree and FreeAds. It might take some searching but that’s half the fun.
Checking things over
If you’re buying a new car you are protected by law and covered with a warranty should anything go wrong. However, it’s a good idea to give the car a visual check before driving it off the lot. The reason being that if you spot a scratch or ding when you get it home it’s very difficult to prove it didn’t happen after you left.
Buying a second-hand car is a different matter. You’ll either be buying from a dealer or from a private seller. When you buy from a dealer you’ll have some protection, whereas buying privately really is a case of buyer beware.
If buying from a dealer, remember:
Many used car dealers have their vehicles independently checked, and will be members of a trade association. This means they will follow codes of practice and should ensure you’re in safe hands.
Used car dealers are bound by law to make sure that everything they sell is:
Of satisfactory quality – This means that the quality of the car is in keeping with its age, make, model, mileage etc.
Fit for purpose – That the car is capable of carrying out all the functions you would expect of it.
Legal to drive – It is illegal for anyone to sell a car that does not meet legal requirements.
Matches its description – If the advert says the car has central locking it must be in working condition. If any features that are described in the advert are missing or non-functioning then the dealer is in violation of the Sale of Goods Act.
Remember that dealers aren’t liable for any damage you cause through accident or misuse, neither are they liable for what is deemed fair wear and tear.
When buying from a private seller you don’t have much recourse should something prove to be wrong with the vehicle, or is not as you expected. So remember to keep the following in mind:
- Check all the paperwork. If they can’t provide documentation, or the car is registered in a different name, the documents contain mistakes, details that don’t match (such as the vehicle colour and engine number) or it lacks a current MOT this should start alarm bells ringing.
- Is the mileage consistent with the age and look of the car? It is possible for old, well-maintained cars to have low mileage but be wary.
- Check the mileage on the car against MOT tests certificates and service records if they have them.
- Is the paint finish even, or can you see panels that look different?
- Look in the boot and under the bonnet. Are there signs of unusual welding or rust?
- Do the tyres have sufficient tread? If they are low they will need replacing either immediately or in the near future.
- Is the spare tyre, jack and the vehicle’s toolkit present?
- Are the seatbelts functioning and undamaged?
- Do any fault lights appear on the dashboard? Check against the manual.
- Are your washers and wipers functional?
- Are all lights functioning? You may need someone else to help you with this, or simply ask the owner to activate them all while you inspect from outside.
- Do all the locks, windows and internal controls for air conditioning, radio and so on work properly?
- Are there signs of rust under the footwell mats or under the car?
Take it for a spin
If you’re satisfied with the above then the next stage of our first car buying guide is to take the car for a test drive. If the owner or dealer doesn’t want you to, then walk away. Otherwise hop in and take it for a drive. Be sure the engine is cold before you begin, because an engine that has been warmed could be hiding problems. As you drive keep the following in mind:
- Test the clutch – Before pulling away be sure to test the biting point of the clutch. If it doesn’t bite until the clutch is almost fully engaged then it is probably worn and in need of replacement.
- Performance – How does the car behave as you accelerate? Does it pull to one side? How does it take corners? As you put the car through its paces listen out for any odd sounds or vibrations.
- High-speed driving – Problems with the front portion of the vehicle can be masked at low speeds, so make sure you push the car over 60mph for at least one part of the test drive.
- Smooth gear shifts – When shifting through gears, does the transmission feel smooth or can you feel problems?
- Test the brakes – When you apply the brakes how does it feel? Is the braking responsive or does it feel soft and require a lot of pressure? Also, be aware of the car pulling to one side as you brake.
- Steering wheel vibrations – Does the steering wheel vibrate when driving?
Remember that a major part of your running costs will be insurance and tax
How to haggle
The Brits have an aversion to haggling, so you won’t often find advice for this in a first car buying guide. The fact is though, haggling can save you hundreds or even thousands of pounds, so it’s worth getting over the embarrassment. Here are some tips for getting the best deal possible, and remember the price on a new car is no more “fixed” than that of a second-hand car:
- Get an idea of what you should be paying for the car. You’ll find online car valuation tools, as well as buying guides from the major car magazines. This applies for both new and used cars. Use this information to set your starting price, or ask a dealer to match or beat.
- For a used car, always go in low. Don’t go lower than the bottom range of prices for that model, or you risk making the seller unwilling to bargain. But by going in low you can let the seller negotiate up, which gives them a sense of control.
- If on checking the car over, and test driving it, you find some problems or minor issues you can use these to keep the price down. Some issues can be worth sorting yourself if you get the car for a good enough price.
- Don’t be afraid to walk away. Remember it’s just a car, and you shouldn’t pay more than you expect to. There’s a balance to be struck to keep both parties happy, but really the power is on your side.
Insurance and taxing your car
Remember that a major part of your running costs will be insurance and tax. For a first car it’s always a good idea to get a car that isn’t massively powerful. Although a sporty two-litre Golf might sound great, the insurance for such a car when you’ve recently passed your test or are under 25 is going to be pretty steep.
Choose a car that is in the lower insurance groups. These will also often have lower road tax costs, with some having none at all.
Hopefully this first car buying guide will help you choose the right vehicle. If you’re buying a car for a son or daughter who has just passed their test you might find it’s sparked some nostalgia for your first car.